Web 2.0 vs Web 3.0 — A Bridge Between the Past and the Future
- Web 2.0 represents the Internet as we know it today and includes all the blogs, social media sites, shopping, news generation, and more!
It is marked by user-generated content, interoperability across different services, usability, interactiveness, and high levels of participation. While this may seem like a huge leap from the static pages of web 1.0, in reality, there have been little to no changes to the core definition between the two versions.
What has really changed is the way we use existing infrastructure, and from this standpoint, it’s safe to say that it’s really the front-end that has seen the bulk of changes in web 2.0
Salient Features of Web 2.0
In Web 2.0, users can
- Classify and sort information
- Create and develop APIs for interoperability across different software
- Create and share dynamic and responsive content with others
- Send and receive information from different sources
- Access content from mobile devices, multimedia consoles, televisions, and more
From the above features, we can say that the pillars of Web 2.0 are mobile technology, social media, and the cloud.
Will these pillars continue their dominance in web 3.0?
Unlikely, because these technologies don’t create a sense of trust among the entities participating in an interaction because of a lack of built-in security and authorization mechanisms.
As users and technologies become more mature, there emerged a greater need for trust, security, privacy, and control. And this need led to the evolution of web 3.0.
What’s Web 3.0?
Web 3.0 is truly a big leap from web 2.0 as the backend and the infrastructure are going through a transformation. Also known as the Semantic Web, this generation of the Internet uses an advanced metadata system that structures and arranges all kinds of data in such a way that it’s readable by both machines and humans.
Probably the biggest advantage of web 3.0 is that the information will be universal and can be found by anyone, which means no more digging through content for hours to find what you want.
Now, you might wonder how it overcomes the drawbacks of web 2.0.
Well, the pillars of web 3.0 are artificial intelligence and decentralized networks. The use of artificial intelligence enables machine-to-machine interaction, advanced analytics, and other smart operations that were hitherto impossible on the web.
As for decentralized networks, it pushes data to the edges and into the hands of the entities that own it. In the process, it empowers entities to own their data and determine how it can be shared, thereby giving rise to a philosophy called the Self-Sovereign Identity.
These networks also give privacy and security to users through encryption and the use of Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLT), thereby overcoming the trust barriers that were present in web 2.0.
Salient Features of Web 3.0
Here’s a quick glance at the features of Web 3.0
- The Semantic Web can understand the meaning of words, so content can be easily found, shared, and analyzed by both machines and humans
- Uses artificial intelligence to provide relevant results quickly and give insights at speeds that are impossible for humans to match
- Has the capability to leverage the power of 3D graphics and visuals.
- Protects user identity and data through advanced authorization mechanisms such as encryption and DLTs
- Delivers high levels of security and privacy
Below is a bird’s eye view of the differences between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0.
Web 2.0 vs Web 3.0 — A Quick Glance
In all, web 3.0 is a huge leap forward as it creates the infrastructure needed for humans and machines to interact, create, find, and share distributed data, make accurate predictions with artificial intelligence, and be empowered to control one’s identity through a web of trust, security, and privacy.
Affinidi provides building blocks for an open and interoperable Self-Sovereign Identity ecosystem and to enable the robust growth of Web 3.0.
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The information material contained in this article is for general information and educational purposes only. It is not intended to constitute legal or other professional advice.